Breakthrough Study Shows No-take Marine Reserves Benefit Overfished Reefs

A powerful, long-term study from WCS adds scientific backing for global calls for conserving 30 percent of the world’s ocean. The studied no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) increased the growth of fish populations by 42 percent when fishing was unsustainable in surrounding areas, achieving the benefits of stable and high production of fish populations for fishers, while protecting threatened ecosystems.

  Findings support global “30 by 30” goal of protecting 30 percent of the ocean by 2030

·       Study published in the journal Marine Policy shows a no-take marine protected area (MPA) in Kenya was able to compensate for overfishing by increasing and maintaining the growth rate of fish populations by 42% over 24 years 

·       Study compared two common fisheries management approaches – protected area closures and fishing gear restrictions

·       Gear restrictions provided short-term benefits to fisheries, while no-take MPAs delivered and maintained better long-term fisheries production and yields

·       This study is further evidence of the value of no-take MPAs to achieve benefits for fish, fishers, communities, and ecosystems

·       WCS advocates for all-ocean management to achieve sustainable fisheries, and supports the global call to protect and conserve at least 30 percent of the global ocean by 2030: wcs.org/cbd

The study recorded fish catches for 24-years across a dozen fish landing sites within two counties in Kenya, which allowed scientists to evaluate the long-term impacts of two different fisheries management methods. While one county utilized a no-take MPA covering 30 percent of the fishery, the other focused on gear restrictions and prohibited the use of small-mesh nets.

The differences in outcomes for the fishers and the ecosystems were stark. Per-person daily catches rose 25 times faster near the no-take MPA than in fished areas with gear restrictions, showing that no-take MPAs were far more effective at sustaining stocks of fish than restricting destructive gear.

The study’s lead author Dr. Tim McClanahan, Senior Coral Reef Scientist for WCS said “The no-take area in Mombasa occupied 30 percent of the studied fishing grounds. Fortuitously, this  is the target for protection being proposed for the oceans, which is rarely tested and based on the results of simulation models. The empirical support for the models and the conservation proposal is reassuring along with the unexpected results of  increased production of fish populations that compensated for the lost fishing area. This adds to the evidence that no-take protected areas of sufficient coverage may compensate for the lost fishing grounds, particularly when fisheries are not sustainably fished.”

This new study from WCS represents the longest-ever continuous detailed fish catch record for coral reefs, and reveals patterns that took nearly 20 years to unfold due to the small annual increments of change. The time and resources it takes to complete these empirical studies has long been an impediment to testing the effectiveness of no-take MPAs on fisheries, and is also why simulation models were commonly used. Until this publication, most existing empirical studies were short-term and focused on the catch per fisher rather than the catch per area, which is a critical metric of sustainable yield estimates. Consequently, there is a compelling need to expand long-term studies to better calibrate and test fisheries production models.

This study shows that MPAs where no-take rules are followed can compensate for lost fishing grounds and stocks and therefore help people highly dependent on fish for income and nutritional security that is lost when catches are unsustainable. While gear restrictions did have positive benefits for short periods of time, they did not maximize fisheries production over the long-term. Some combination of closure and gear restrictions are therefore likely needed to achieve the full benefits to both fishers and ecosystems.

Stargirl’s Season Two Villains

Warning: This article may contain spoilers for Season One of CW’s Stargirl.

The first season ending of Stargirl answered many lingering questions, but like any good season finale, it also brought up new ones. Although most of the studio is tight-lipped about the show’s second season, there are a few villains that we can reasonably suspect to see, according to Geoff Johns, the show’s executive producer.

The Shade

The Shade is a shadowy character at best. He is said to be an immortal of English descent. He left the Injustice Society after realizing that their current plan for world domination was doomed to fail. The Shade also betrayed Icicle, who died in the first season.

In Season One, you see pictures of The Shade and a bit of his power in the pilot episode, but he remains mostly a mystery. This is not surprising since his superpower is to manipulate darkness itself, hence his name.

Eclipso

By far the scariest villain in Stargirl, Elcipso is the ancient incarnation of vengeance and corruption. So, in other words, he’s the perfect bad guy. Although he isn’t mentioned much in the first season, it seems he may have a huge role to play in the second.

As far as can be discerned from Season One episodes, Eclipso spends his time trapped in a blue crystal waiting for someone to set him free. At the end of the finale, Shiv is looking through a warehouse for the crystal. It appears that she finds it, but you will have to wait for Season Two to find out what she does with it.

Part of what makes Eclipso so terrifying is his ability to empower others’ flaws and feed off the darkness they generate. It is not a far leap to see that he could be working with The Shade in the future, assuming he’s released from that blue crystal.

Shiv

The scene at the end of Season One’s finale indicates that Shiv will also play a predominant role in Season Two. As a fellow high school student, she is a rival both to Stargirl the hero and to Courtney as a regular teenage girl. She is your typical mean girl in school and even meaner when she is with her father, the Dragon King.

She got her powers as a result of her father experimenting on her as a child. She is physically superior to other humans, can regenerate, and is supernaturally agile. Her father also implanted wrist blades in her, hence the name Shiv. She can shoot these blades at will and retract them back into her wrists without suffering any consequences due to her ability to regenerate.

Other Possible Villains

Other lesser villains are still lurking around. Tigress, Sportsmaster and The Gambler are still alive after the final battle in Season One. They can easily make a reappearance as minor villains in Season two. No one has confirmed or denied whether they will be participants in the new season, but they seem like obvious choices for a comeback.

What’s really going to happen in Season Two? Showrunners, cast, and crew are tight-lipped about how the new season will unfold. But no matter what Season Two has in store, it is sure to include exciting new chapters in the adventures of America’s newest teenage superhero.

Factors That Have Led to Bingo Being So Popular in the UK

Bingo has to be one of the UK’s favourite games. It’s something we all know how to play, even if we’ve never actually played a game in our lives. There is something very comforting about it, and something rather nostalgic for a lot of people – it’s what their parents and grandparents used to do, so they understand it and may well do it themselves. But there are other factors that make zero deposit bingo popular – here are some of them.

For Everyone

As briefly mentioned above, bingo is something that we are all aware of; we all know how to play it. It’s a game that is for everyone, young and old, whatever walk of life we happen to come from. There aren’t a lot of complicated rules to think about, and there are lots of skills you need to learn before you can play – it’s a simple game and it really is for everyone.

Even for families who don’t otherwise have a lot in common, bingo can be the one force that brings them together. Is it any wonder that, with our busy lives, bingo is something we can always try to make time for?

The Social Aspect

Although people love to play the game for the game itself, and for the potential prizes that can be won, there is definitely a very social aspect of bingo. If you attend a traditional bingo hall, you will be able to have conversations with many different people – even if you have nothing else to talk about, the bingo is always a connecting factor.

You might think that this is the only way to be sociable when playing bingo, and that playing online, either through an app or on a laptop on a website, is going to be a lonely version of the UK’s favourite game. This is actually far from the truth; you can ‘chat’ (virtually) when playing online bingo as well, and this is all part of the experience for those who like making friends and meeting other people. And if you don’t like to do that, don’t worry, just don’t use the chat feature!

The Prizes

If you look at some of the prizes on offer with bingo games, they will range from very small to enormous – millions of pounds in some cases. It’s good to win the smaller prizes, but for those who are really serious about their bingo, it’s these top jackpots that make them excited to play.

Of course, as with any gambling, you should never assume you’re going to win or that you can make back any losses, and you should always have a set budget to play with. But don’t let that stop you playing the games that have the huge jackpots. These are often connected through various games across the country, or even the world, which is why the prize fun is such a high one. 

Are Video Online Slots Related To Classic Video Games?

Video games didn’t really take off until the 1970s and 1980s and this is mostly because the technology to play such games was not yet fully developed. However, once gaming consoles became available and the best video slots  could be played in the comfort of people’s own homes, their popularity soared. Classic video games really took off in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s, but by today’s standards, everything from the gameplay to the graphics of these early games now seems primitive. However, some of these early games such as Street Fighter hold a special place in many people’s hearts, as it reminds them of the good times they had in their adolescents. Therefore, it comes as no surprise to discover that this particular game made the video game/slot game crossover successfully.

The History Of Slots 

Slots predate video games considerably and you have to go all the way back to the 19th century to discover when slots were introduced to the world. The first slots were mechanical machines with 3 reels and a limited number of symbols were held on these reels. Despite this, they were extremely popular with the public and this led to a mad rush by inventors and engineers, to create bigger and better slots. All the slots were lever activated and this opened the machines up to some considerable abuse and cheating. 

Even when gambling was banned in society during periods in the 19th century, inventors modified their machines to act as vending and fruit machines, to keep them popular.  It wasn’t until the 1960s and 1970s, that slots took a big leap in their development. In the 1960s the first electrical slot was introduced and in the 1970s and 1980s the first version of the video slot came into play. All these developments slowly built towards a crescendo when digital technology finally gave birth to video slots in 1996. 

Video Slots VS Video Games 

Since slots became more sophisticated, their development has been closely linked to advances in video games. Video games are more sophisticated than slots in every way today and this is because they have huge budgets and offer players entertainment, that utilizers the latest in computer technology. These games no longer need to be played at arcades to be at their best, as home consoles have brought arcade quality gaming to people’s houses. These video games contain narratives and offer a fully immersive gaming experience and this is believed to be the next step for slots games to take. The signs are already there, as VR slots are now being introduced into the gambling world.

The Video Game/Slot Crossover 

The slots industry considers the young to be the future of the industry and they are always trying to appeal to the tech savvy video gaming audience as a potential market for their games. This is why slots are becoming more immersive and sophisticated. Another way to appeal to this new target audience is by turning much loved video games such as Tomb Raider, Street Fighter and many more into gambling slots games.

Join Us, Blog­gin Mamas, & UNest as we host the #UNestApp Twit­ter Party

This is a sponsored post on behalf of UNest. All opinions expressed are our own.

Join Blog­gin Mamas & UNest as we host the #UNestApp Twit­ter Party on Thursday, 12/17/20 at 9p EST! Join us as we talk about how a savings account for your child will make a great holiday gift this year. Plus, there will be some prizes too!

Date: Thursday, December 17th, 2020

Time: 9:00–10:00pm EST / 6:00–7:00pm PST

Hash­tag: #UNestApp

Spon­sored By: @unest

Pre­sented by: @BlogginMamas

Mod­er­a­tors: Eng­lish– @HeatherLopezCEO Span­ish– @BBabushka

Co-hosts: @dawnchats @EnzasBargains, @HaveSippy, @DonnaHup @CoolChillMom @paulabendfeldt

Panelist: @BabySavers @mommypowers

About UNest

  • UNest makes it easy for parents to invest in their children’s future with a simple, flexible, and tax-advantaged custodial account for minors. Plus, your family and friends can contribute funds to your child’s UNest Investment Account for Kids through a shareable gift link. UNest is way more flexible than other saving accounts that can only be used for education. Funds saved can be used across any of your child’s life events like college, their first car, down payment on the house, wedding day or any other important milestones.

  • Their Gifting feature just launched! Gifting allows anyone the opportunity to deposit funds into your child’s UNest account, making a wonderful option for those that want to contribute to your child’s financial stability in the future.

Follow UNest

Like @unest on FB: https://www.facebook.com/unest/</p>

Follow @unest on IG: https://www.instagram.com/unest/</p>

Follow @unest on Twitter: https://twitter.com/unest</p>

Visit the UNest website: https://www.unest.co/</p>

Download UNest App via this link: https://app.adjust.com/8nhj6kp</p>
Tweet­share:

Prizes

1- $25 Amazon Gift Code (ARV $25)

1- $50 Amazon Gift Code (ARV $50)

1- $100 prize added into UNest account (ARV $100)

First Prize

1- $150 prize added into UNest account (ARV $150)

Grand Prize

1- $250 prize added into UNest account (ARV $150)

RSVP Prize

1- $25 Amazon Gift Code (ARV $25)

RSVP Below!!

Terms and Conditions

NO PURCHASE OR PAYMENT NECESSARY. A PURCHASE WILL NOT IMPROVE YOUR CHANCE OF WINNING.

By RSVP’ing to this event and uti­liz­ing the #UNestApp hash­tag, the atten­dees acknowl­edge hav­ing read and agreed to these terms and conditions.

Twit­ter Party Prize Give­away begins December 17, 2020 at 9:00 pm ET and ends no later than December 17, 2020 at 10:30pm ET (the “Twit­ter Party Entry Period”). Entrants enter via fol­low­ing @UNest and @BlogginMamas, and post­ing a tweet with the #UNestApp dur­ing the Twit­ter Party Entry Period. Five (5) Win­ners will be drawn ran­domly by random.org at approx­i­mately 12 minute inter­vals dur­ing the Twit­ter Party Entry Period. One (1) Win­ner will be drawn ran­domly via random.org from the event RSVP’s on the Mr. Linky widget.

Prizes include:

One (1) $25 Amazon Gift Code. Total approx­i­mate retail value (“ARV”) $25, for one (1) winner.

One (1) $50 Amazon Gift Code. Total approx­i­mate retail value (“ARV”) $50, for one (1) winner.

One (1) $100 Deposit into UNest Account. Total approx­i­mate retail value (“ARV”) $100, for one (1) winner.

One (1) $150 Deposit into UNest Account. Total approx­i­mate retail value (“ARV”) $150, for one (1) First Prize winner.

One (1) $250 Deposit into UNest Account. Total approx­i­mate retail value (“ARV”) $250, for one (1) Grand Prize winner.

One (1) $25 Amazon Gift Code. Total approx­i­mate retail value (“ARV”) $25, awarded to one (1) win­ner who RSVP’s via the Mr. Linky widget.

Each win­ner receives one (1) prize pack. Entrants who fail to com­plete said actions will be dis­qual­i­fied and an alter­nate win­ner will be selected from all entrants who entered dur­ing the Twit­ter Party Entry Period. Win­ners will be noti­fied via DM (Direct Mes­sage) on Twit­ter with a request for an email address to send prize claim infor­ma­tion. Win­ners will have 48 hours to complete the prize claim form or an alter­nate win­ner will be selected from amongst all entries received dur­ing the Twit­ter Party Entry Period. All prizes will be awarded pro­vided they are validly claimed by December 21st, 2020 at 11:59AM EST.

Entrants agree to release and hold harm­less the Blog­gin’ Mamas, Heather Lopez Enter­prises, LLC, Twit­ter, and any other orga­ni­za­tions respon­si­ble for spon­sor­ing, ful­fill­ing, admin­is­ter­ing, adver­tis­ing or pro­mot­ing this give­away, and their respec­tive par­ent, sub­sidiaries, and affil­i­ates and each of their respec­tive offi­cers, direc­tors, mem­bers, employ­ees, agents and sub­con­trac­tors (col­lec­tively the “Released Par­ties”) from and against any and all claims, expenses, and lia­bil­ity, includ­ing but not lim­ited to neg­li­gence and dam­ages of any kind to per­sons and prop­erty, includ­ing but not lim­ited to inva­sion of pri­vacy (under appro­pri­a­tion, intru­sion, pub­lic dis­clo­sure of pri­vate facts, false light in the pub­lic eye or other legal the­ory), defama­tion, slan­der, libel, vio­la­tion of right of pub­lic­ity, infringe­ment of trade­mark, copy­right or other intel­lec­tual prop­erty rights, prop­erty dam­age, or death or per­sonal injury aris­ing out of or relat­ing to a participant’s entry, cre­ation of an entry or sub­mis­sion of an entry, par­tic­i­pa­tion in this give­away, accep­tance or use or mis­use of prize. Entrant agrees to indem­nify, defend and hold harm­less the Released Par­ties from and against any and all claims, expenses, and lia­bil­i­ties (includ­ing rea­son­able attorney’s fees) aris­ing out of or relat­ing to an entrant’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in this give­away and/or entrant’s accep­tance, use or mis­use of prize, includ­ing, with­out lim­i­ta­tion, lia­bil­ity for per­sonal injury, dam­age, or loss.

The Released Par­ties make no war­ranties, and hereby dis­claims any and all war­ranties, express or implied, con­cern­ing any prize fur­nished in con­nec­tion with the give­away.

WITHOUT LIMITING THE GENERALITY OF THE FOREGOING, SUCH PRIZES ARE PROVIDEDAS IS

WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND THE RELEASED PARTIES

HEREBY DISCLAIM ALL SUCH WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF

MERCHANT ABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND/OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.

Dis­clo­sure: Blog­gin’ Mamas is being com­pen­sated for man­ag­ing this Twit­ter Party. Indi­vid­ual co-hosts are being com­pen­sated for their par­tic­i­pa­tion. All prize ful­fill­ment is the respon­si­bil­ity of the sponsor.

WIN PRIZES! Hallmark Channel Original Premiere of “Love, Lights, Hanukkah!” on Saturday, Dec 12th at 8pm/7c! #CountdowntoChristmas

hallmark

With the start of Hanukkah and Christmas right around the corner, it’s officially holiday season for quite a lot of us.  This year is a little (OK, a lot) different then other years and past celebrations, since there is so much quarantining and social distancing- not as much gathering as usual. TV and movies have become pretty important around here, more then usual. I’m typically a Christmas movie addict, but this year is a whole new level of addiction! I can’t get enough of them. Thankfully, there are 23 new original movies premiering throughout the Countdown to Christmas– and you can bet I’m watching all of them.

Please feel free to enter the Hallmark Channel’s Very Merry Giveaway Sweepstakes (https://verymerrygiveaway.hallmarkchannel.com), SiriusXM’s Christmas music destination, Hallmark Channel Radio; Hallmark Channels’ Bubbly Sesh Podcast; and the Holiday Home Decoration Sweepstakes (https://holidayhomedecorationsweepstakes.hallmarkchannel.com)

Make sure you watch the Hallmark Channel movie premiere, “Love, Lights, Hanukkah!” on Saturday, Dec. 12th at 8pm/7c.

Stars:  Mia Kirshner, Ben Savage, and Marilu Henner

As Christina prepares her restaurant for Christmas, a DNA test reveals that she’s Jewish! The discovery leads her to a new family and a new, unlikely romance over eight crazy nights.

Make sure you visit https://www.hallmarkchannel.com/christmas where you can find more information about ALL Hallmark Channel #CountdownToChristmas original holiday movies.

One of you can win a really cool price pack! Feel free to enter using the RC code below. Good luck!

a Rafflecopter giveaway

PRIZING: 

(1) “Holiday Celebrations” Package includes:

(1) Monopoly game: Hallmark Channel Holiday Edition

(1) The Republic of Tea Countdown to Christmas themed tea tin

(1) Hallmark Channel branded Ugly Christmas Sweater

(1) Hallmark Channel branded holiday mug

In addition to the prize pack, are also some really fun items from Hallmark you can check out, including an all- new Monopoly game: Hallmark Channel Holiday Edition, The Republic of Tea Countdown to Christmas themed tea tins, new holiday titles from Hallmark Publishing, Bissinger’s Countdown to Christmas chocolate calendar and Hallmark Flowers! They would make great gifts to anyone this holiday season.

“WHEN WE LAST SPOKE” MOVIE

Fans of the show “Little House on the Prairie,” saw Melissa Gilbert grow from a young girl to a loving wife and mother over nine seasons.  Melissa is now both an accomplished actress and the author of several books. In a new movie, Melissa Gilbert plays a loving grandmother, Ruby, in the film “When We Last Spoke.”  Based on the novel by Marci Henna, “When We Last Spoke” is the story of two sisters in 1967 who are raised by their grandparents in the small town of Fireside, Texas. It’s a coming of age story that is both humorous and heartwarming.

About the movie:  In 1967, sisters Juliet (Darby Camp) and Evangeline (Chandler Head) are abandoned by their mother at their unsuspecting grandparents’ farm in the small southern town of Fireside. Stunned by their sudden arrival, tender-hearted Walt (Corbin Bernsen) and champion fiddler Ruby (Melissa Gilbert) graciously stand-in for the missing parents and create one blue-ribbon recipe for a loving family. Fireside, home of radio Station KOFF, keeps secrets, broken promises, and to-die-for sundaes that serve as the backdrop for this heartwarming story full of surprises. Top it all off with the unexpected appearance of Walt’s ailing mother—eccentric, Emily Dickinson-quoting Itasca (played by Emmy and Academy Award winner Cloris Leachman), and laughter and tears abound.

When We Last Spoke” will be in theaters for a four-night showing on October 27th, 29th, 30th, and 31st of 2020.  Tickets are available for sale online at Fathomevents.com.

The Newark #Museum of #Art Acquires Major Work by Bisa Butler

The Warmth of Other Sons to be featured in

Virtual Exhibition during the Newark Arts Festival, Oct. 8-11

 The Newark Museum of Art, New Jersey’s largest art institution, announced today that it has acquired a large-scale artwork by Essex County resident Bisa Butler, a rising star among contemporary Black artists in the United States, known for her quilted portraits celebrating Black life.

The Warmth of Other Sons is loosely based on source material including historic photographs of Black families that migrated from the South to the North looking for economic prosperity. Standing at 9 feet high by 12 feet wide, this exuberant, multi-layered artwork is a significant acquisition by the Museum and will be included in Art + Tech: Perception, Access, Power, a virtual group show developed in partnership with the Newark Arts Festival, opening on October 8, 2020.

Drawing on a rich history of African American quilters, Butler stitches and layers her portrait quilts using carefully selected fabrics, including, cotton, silk, wool, and velvet. The title of this monumental work is a reference to Isabella Wilkerson’s critically acclaimed chronicle of the Great Migration, The Warmth of Other Suns, published in 2010.

Butler currently resides in West Orange, New Jersey, where she has a well-established studio practice and deep roots in the local community. She is an active member of the Newark arts community and previously taught in the Newark Public Schools for 10 years.

Local art enthusiasts will get an early glimpse of The Warmth of Other Sons virtually during the Newark Arts Festival, from October 8-11. Thereafter, this work will make its debut in Bisa Butler: Portraits, a solo exhibition organized by The Art Institute of Chicago, opening on November 16th. Mid next year The Warmth of Other Sons will return to The Newark Museum of Art where it will be installed in the Museum’s Seeing America galleries.

Bisa Butler, The Warmth of Other Sons, 2020
Velvet, wool, Vlisco cotton, silk, 108 x 104 in.
Collection of The Newark Museum of Art
Purchase 2020 Collections Exchange Fund 2020.1
Photo courtesy Claire Oliver Gallery © Bisa Butler

“Bisa’s art speaks to the deeply layered, complex, and vibrant histories of Black American life and the diaspora. Her work is especially meaningful as the country reckons with long-standing social and economic inequities impacting Black and Brown citizens, now in sharper relief with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic,” said Catherine Evans, Deputy Director, Collections & Curatorial Strategies at The Newark Museum of Art. “We are immensely proud to bring Ms. Butler’s powerfully affirming artwork into the Museum’s collection.”

Butler was born in Orange, New Jersey, the daughter of a college president and a French teacher. She grew up in South Orange, the youngest of four siblings. Her artistic talent was first recognized at the age of four, when she won a blue ribbon in an art competition.

Butler graduated Cum Laude from Howard University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. It was during her education at Howard that she began to experiment with fabric as a medium and became interested in collage techniques. She then went on to earn a Master of Arts degree from Montclair State University in 2005. A dedicated arts educator, she was a high school art teacher for 13 years, serving for 10 years in the Newark Public Schools and three at her alma mater, Columbia High School in Maplewood, New Jersey.

“Honoring art by local artists and artists of color is a core tenet of this institution,” said Linda C. Harrison, director and CEO of The Newark Museum of Art. “We believe guests of all ages, races, and genders will find inspiration when they see the amazing work from contemporary artists and artists from Black and Brown diasporas. Art can unite people in a way that few other mediums can do, and Bisa’s work is an example of that unification.”

Butler’s work is currently the focus of a solo exhibition Bisa Butler: Portraits at the Katonah Museum of Art in New York, which remains on view through October 4th. That exhibition will then travel to the Art Institute of Chicago this fall. In addition to The Newark Museum of Art, her works are included in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago; Minneapolis Institute of Art; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; The Toledo Museum of Art; and Orlando Museum of Art, among others.

In 2019, Butler was a finalist for the Museum of Arts and Design’s Burke Prize. Her portrait of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Wangari Maathai was featured as a cover for Time magazine’s special issue honoring the 100 Women of the Year in 2020.