How to Show Your Pet You Love Them

Your social media friends know you love your pet because nine out of ten posts that you share include a picture of your furry friend. At home, your family knows that your role as a pet parent comes first each time you stay on the couch longer than planned in an attempt to avoid disturbing your fur baby.

Whether it’s the vet bills added to your budget each month or the treats and toys that you bring home every time you head to the store, your love for your pet is clear. One question remains, though—how can you make sure your pet recognizes the love you have for them?

Prioritize their well-being

As a pet owner, you’re presumably taking care of your pet as well as possible anyway. By making a purposeful effort to ensure you’re taking care of them, though, you‘ll be making your love for them even more clear. Of course, your dog, cat, or other pet won’t realize that you’re taking time to find the best pet insurance in Canada or paying your monthly premium to the pet insurers that you settle on. However, they’ll know that you’re caring for them when you take them to the vet to treat an illness or injury.

Give them space around the house

Since the moment your furry friend came into your life, your home has been their home, too. When you find tennis balls in your living room or a catnip mouse under the couch, you’re reminded that this is your pet’s home as well. To make this all the more obvious, though, you’ll want to make sure your pet can share a majority of the space, not just stick to a certain corner with their food dish and pet bed.

For example, are the houseplants adorning your living room safe for your cat? Seeking out cat-safe house plants is a small step, but one that makes a big difference. So much so that it could save your pet’s life!

Learn their preferences

No matter how low-maintenance your pet is, they’re sure to have a few particular preferences. Perhaps your dog seems to love lolling amidst the flowers in your garden. You might decide to add some indoor plants, too, so that they can enjoy a similar sensation inside. If your cat has severe anxiety around veterinarian visits, look into what routine care necessities can be taken care of in one appointment, rather than putting Fluffy through the process repeatedly.

Does your pet love to lay down in the bright light of the afternoon sun? Make sure that this favorite warm spot of theirs is clear from other family member’s belongings. Even something as simple as knowing their preferred spot for scratches or types of treats that are sure to get their tail wagging can be a subtle way of showing them how much you love them.

When in doubt, appeal to their stomach

Out of all your pet’s needs, the one that’s sure to garner excitement is food. If you’re not sure of how you can make your love for Fido obvious, focus on the kibble, wet foods, treats, and other edible tidbits to toss their way. For some pet owners, this might mean choosing a vet-prescribed brand of food. If this is the case for you, be sure to find a pet insurance provider that covers prescription cat or dog food, or that has a coverage option.

For others, this may be as simple as tossing your favorite feline a few extra nibbles for no reason besides the fact that it will make them happy. Of course, be sure to talk to your veterinarian and ensure you’re offering the right food at the right frequency for your pet’s age, breed, weight, etc.

From the insurers that you choose for a pet insurance policy to the pet-friendly decor that you add to your home, you might be surprised to find just how many elements of your day-to-day life can help show your fur baby just how much you love them. After all, everyone else in your life knows that your furry friend is the love of your life—with some special attention and a whole lot of care, your pet themself can know that, too.

How To Get All Essential Minerals Into Your Diet

In order to get all of the vitamins and minerals that your body needs to work properly, you must absorb the right vitamins and minerals. Although this might sound complex, you’ll be pleased to know that the majority of vitamins and minerals that you need can be absorbed through a healthy and balanced diet. You can, however, choose to take multivitamin tablets if your diet doesn’t support your nutritional needs.

Within this guide, we will be focusing on how to get all of the essential minerals (and vitamins!) safely into your diet. To make the process easier, we have split this guide up into different sections:

  • Fat-soluble vitamins
  • Water-soluble vitamins
  • Major minerals
  • Trace minerals

Towards the end, we will also uncover how to maintain a balanced diet. This will be key for your nutritional needs. Let’s begin!

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins are present in a lot of different fatty foods. They are stored in your body, rather than dissolved. Due to being stored in the body, you don’t need to consume large amounts of fat-soluble vitamins every day.

The most commonly known fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E and K. They are primarily found in:

  • Animal fats
  • Vegetable oils
  • Dairy foods
  • Liver
  • Oily fish

Water-Soluble Vitamins

Unlike fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body. Instead, they either dissolve or exit the body through urine.

All of the B vitamins, vitamin C and vitamin B are water-soluble vitamins. They can mainly be found in:

  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Grains
  • Dairy foods

Minerals

Minerals fall under two categories: major minerals and trace minerals. Both are just as important as each other, but as their names suggest, they are stored in different quantities.

The major minerals include calcium and iron. They are most commonly found in animal products, such as:

  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Milk and dairy foods

Some major minerals are also present in fruits, vegetables and nuts. The same applies to trace minerals.

Giving Your Body What It Needs

As you might have suspected, the easiest way to get all of the above vitamins and minerals is through a balanced diet. With help from the NHS Eatwell Guide, we’ve summarised how to maintain one below. Incorporating the following five areas into your diet should help to keep you healthy.

 

  • Fruits And Vegetables

 

According to the NHS, fruits and vegetables should make up for a third of the food you eat. If possible, aim to eat at least five portions a day.

 

  • Starchy Foods

 

Starchy foods should also make up for over a third of the foods you eat. This is because they are a great source of energy. Starchy foods include whole grain foods, brown rice and pasta.

 

  • Dairy

 

Dairy products like milk and cheese are great sources of protein and calcium. Unfortunately, dairy products can also be quite high in fats, so try and opt for low-fat alternatives whenever possible.

 

  • Protein

 

You should aim to include a good source of protein with every meal. Protein is rich in lean meats (the less red, the better). It can also be found in pulses, lentils, beans and peas. It’s recommended to eat around two portions of fish a week to obtain enough protein.

 

  • Unsaturated Fats

 

Unsaturated fats are deemed as the “healthier” type of fat. Although you should eat them sparingly, they can be found in vegetable and olive oils.

With the above guidance in mind, you now have everything you need to meet your nutritional needs! It’s also worth speaking to a nutritionist or considering supplements if your diet doesn’t support your needs.

Blue Curacao Drinks That Can Add Festivity to Your Life

Who doesn’t enjoy a fun and festive blue cocktail? Drinks made with blue curacao are beautiful to the eye and delicious to drink. Whether you’re spending a summer day by the pool or a romantic evening with a loved one, a dazzling curacao cocktail can elevate the mood and make the event feel more festive.

Curacao liqueur is made from the dried peels of a bitter orange known as laraha. Although the flesh of this fruit is not very palatable, the peels produce pleasantly fragrant oils. The peels are soaked in a solution of alcohol and water and removed once the oils have infused the solution. Spices are then added, and the mixture is cycled through a process that involves several steps, including being heated in a copper still, cooled, diluted, and distilled. In the end, the resulting curacao has a unique and delicious orange-like flavor.

In the final step, a blue colorant is added to give the liqueur the festive and exotic color that immediately makes any drink feel like a celebration. To discover the appeal for yourself, try one of these curacao cocktails for yourself.

Blue Hawaiin

If you enjoy the taste of a pina colada, the chances are good that the blue Hawaiin will become a new staple on your list of favorite cocktails. Fill a tall glass with ice, add equal parts of vodka and blue curacao, mix in coconut syrup and pineapple juice for that pina colada flavor, and garnish with a cherry.

Lotus Flower Martini

While curacao brings some bling to this drink, vodka plays the starring role. Add 1 part vodka, 1/2 part lychee liqueur, 1/3 part blue curacao, and 1/3 part violet liqueur to an ice-filled shaker. Shake well and strain into a cocktail glass. To make the lotus flower martini even more memorable, add a mint leaf or a couple of edible flowers as garnish.

Lagoon Punch

An easy and beautiful option for summer get-togethers is lagoon punch. Combine a bottle of lychee liqueur, 2 cups of blue curacao, and 1 liter of club soda or seltzer water in a large punch bowl. Add ice and garnish with sliced fruit. As a bonus, this festive punch can be made ahead of time, freeing you up to relax and enjoy the party.

Sparkler

This drink is perfect for the Fourth of July, but it’s also a great choice when you are looking for a refreshing fruity drink. To make a sparkler, fill a glass with ice and add 1 part vodka. Next, create colorful layers by pouring 1/2 part blue curacao slowly down the side of the glass, followed by 2 parts cranberry juice. Then, slowly top with 2 parts lemon-lime soda and allow the drink to settle. Finally, garnish with red fruit or lime wedges.

Blue Dolphin Martini

The blue dolphin martini is a great summertime drink that only requires three ingredients. For two drinks, add 3 parts vodka, 2/3 part blue curacao, and 2/3 part peach schnapps to an ice-filled mixing container. Stir well, and then strain into two chilled martini glasses. The fruity and refreshing flavor of this drink makes it a perfect choice for poolside lounging.

Deep Blue Sea Martini

Another great choice when lounging in the sun is the deep blue sea martini. In addition to being beautiful, this drink offers a mix of tantalizing tropical fruit flavors that puts anyone in a summer state of mind. To make this refreshing drink, fill a cocktail shaker with ice and add 2 ounces vodka, 3/4 ounce blue curacao, 1/2 ounce sour mix, and 1/2 ounce pineapple juice. Shake well and strain into a martini glass.

Blue curacao cocktails can add delicious fruity flavor and a splash of festivity to any drink. Serve a few of these dazzling cocktails at your next event to impress your guests and make your party a memorable one.

5 Ways to Use Your Smartphone When Travelling

Many people travel with their romantic partners, friends, or family members. This makes perfect sense – after all, it is natural to want to visit new countries and cities with those that are closest to us. 

However, the greatest travel companion of all is not a fellow human, it is a piece of technology. That’s right, it is your smartphone

That beautiful little device that fits in your pocket is the key to having the ultimate traveling experience. The benefits that phones bring to traveling are incredible – honestly, it makes you wonder how people used to survive without them! 

So, let’s get into 5 of the best ways your phone can optimize your traveling experience to make it one to remember! 

 

  • Use Google Maps to guide you when walking

 

Generally, traveling involves a lot of walking. 

This is where Google Maps comes to help. It can direct you wherever you need to go when you are on long walking trails and can even save you if you get lost.  

Remember, walking is super important when traveling, and is one of the main reasons why traveling is great for your health. Here are some more reasons why traveling is good for your health, if you want to learn more.

 

  • Take high-quality selfies and videos 

 

When the weeks and months pass by after you return from your travels, it is truly a sad time. 

You feel a lot of nostalgia and (most of the time) wish you could hop in a plane or car and return to traveling again. However, most of the time this is not possible. 

But here is the good news. The memories you make whilst traveling live on in picture-form. Any time you are missing traveling, you can pull out your phone and look at all the selfies and videos took whilst you were out there. 

So, when you are next traveling, make it your mission to capture all those amazing moments through selfies and videos. Just remember, though – do not take dangerous selfies!  

 

  • Make use of translation apps 

 

Translation apps are true lifesavers when it comes to foreign travel. They can help you order food, ask for directions, or have conversations with locals – basically, they open endless opportunities. 

Some good translation apps to try on your iPhone or Android are: 

  • Google Translate (learn more about Google Translate here)
  • Microsoft Translator 
  • Scan & Translate + Text Grabber (which is particularly useful for dealing with documents and written messages) 

 

  • Use free messaging apps to save money 

 

Smartphones come with a wide range of free messaging apps like Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp – talk about 21st century convenience, right? 

Naturally, these apps can save you major costs when traveling, as you do not need to do international calls or texts. 

 

  • Get weather updates 

 

There is one giant fear that everyone has before traveling: the weather. 

When people travel to a nice destination, they pray that it is sunny and warm – after all, you do not want to go to Spain and have your break ruined by bad weather! 

Therefore, it is a good idea to get weather updates through your smartphone that keep you up to date about upcoming weather conditions. For example, there could be a heavy rain forecast for the next day, so you will be able to plan accordingly around it. 

Increase Actual and Active Followers with GetInsta

Instagram users employ a variety of strategies to build their following. Some of them increased their Instagram followers free from zero to ten thousand in only a few days. You’ve arrived at the right place if you, too, want to scale like them.

Many individuals employ manual promotions to increase the number of followers on their Instagram accounts, but such campaigns might take months to complete and provide the desired results. In this instance, the most dependable and quick way to grow is to utilize GetInsta, which has a vast community with millions of active Instagram users. You won’t have to figure out what accounts to follow on Instagram to obtain followers any more.

You don’t need to enter your Instagram login or create anything for the marketing because everything is pre-built in this actual Instagram followers community. To start growing, all you need is your Instagram account username.

Using GetInsta is a pretty basic and basic process. After you download the Instagram followers app and join for free, you’ll be awarded with coins that you can spend to obtain free Instagram followers and likes. It also provides you the option of following other profiles or like things within the app, which can earn you additional coins as your following grows.

Furthermore, if you are on a tight budget and would want to purchase Instagram followers directly in order to gain IG followers faster, this option is also accessible. GetInsta assists you in gaining your first followers and allows you to target actual individuals who are interested in your area, hobby, or topic. As a result, it’s a brilliant marketing strategy. GetInsta is a fantastic tool for increasing the number of likes and followers on your Instagram page.

GetInsta makes it simple to gain genuine, organic Instagram followers and likes on your posts. Because it does not operate on machines, all of the following and likes come from genuine people.

Obtaining followers and likes in a legal manner

Unlike other solutions that work with robots and are all banned by Instagram, obtaining followers and likes with GetInsta is a completely legal method.

Free Instagram likes and followers indefinitely

You may gain as many followers and likes as you desire with the aid of this secure followers software. Continue to purchase coins in order to increase your Instagram followers and posts indefinitely. GetInsta has already been used by a number of well-known accounts.

Simple to use, completely secure, and backed up by a team of experts available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Furthermore, it is simple to use, completely safe, and secure, ensuring that your Instagram account is not suspended. The utilization of support time is made easier.

You’re just one step away from gaining more followers without having to follow other accounts now that you have GetInsta – the genuine and effective approach. It’s an alternative to the “follow more Instagram accounts for more followers” or “follow-for-follow” tactic.So, what are you waiting for?

This complete and precise strategy for increasing free Instagram followers works for any account: personal, company, brand, or website. There are Instagram accounts to follow for more followers, but when it comes to speedier promotion, there’s no better and more genuine choice than using GetInsta to increase actual and active followers. Now you can easily boost your followers without having to follow others by using the followers app.

Tips to Save More on Your Travel

Are you fantasizing about cruising on a boat? Or catching sunsets on the rooftop with your friends? Well, how can you make that happen with your tight budget? Don’t sweat it. Making the most out of your trip doesn’t necessarily need to break your bank. You can do so much with so little and with good planning. In this article, we share tips that can help you save more on your travel.  

Take the Undesirable Flight

The truth is most people hate being on the second or third flight of the day. Well, if you are looking to save money, then that’s the flight you should be on. If you are willing to fly earlier in the week, like Monday or Tuesday at 6 AM, then you can be sure to save hundreds of dollars. 

Tip

  • Be flexible with your travel dates and time. Check out sites that can allow you to see when you are likely to save the most on flights and schedule your trip around it.

Airbnb All the Way

If you want to save money on your trip, then consider staying at an Airbnb. Renting out a home or room through Airbnb is way cheaper than staying in a hotel. The beauty is you can rent an entire house and pay per night rather than per person. This is way more affordable, especially when in a group. What’s more, is that you can enjoy the luxury of owning the space all to yourself for the days booked.

Note

  • Most Airbnb are fitted with Wi-Fi, kitchen, and laundry facilities, saving you the money you would spend on eating out or paying for laundry service

Avoid Renting a Car! Use Your Car

Another way of saving money on your trip is using your car. Instead of spending money on taxis or Uber getting to the airport and back home after the trip, just use your car. There are many parking spots near the airport that are inexpensive and secure. For instance, if you are using STL airport in Missouri, you can book parking at the Quality Inn STL Airport and proceed with your trip. Using your car saves you from the hassle of finding reliable transportation back home, especially after the trip. 

 Save on Tour Guides

Did you know that some of the most wonderful, erudite, and fun tour guides are free? You might want to do a little bit of research before paying tons of money in the form of tour guides. Do a quick online search on the area you wish to visit, and you will be surprised by the available options. All you have to give is a tip at the end. Awesome, right?

Walk or opt for Public Transportation

There is no better way to enjoy your vacation than exploring the city. It is not fun catching a taxi every 2km to site-see. In essence, walk, walk as much as you can; it is the best way to see, learn and make memories. If you need a ride, then opt for public transportation. You will end up saving a fortune. 

Final Thoughts

Other great ways to save money on your trip include booking activities ahead of time, using a travel-friendly bank account, and buying less stuff. Mastering these tips will allow you to save more and plan for more trips in the future.

Want a Lifetime of Travel? Try These Tips

Is there anything better than packing your bags and setting off on an adventure? We don’t think so. No matter where you’re going, it’s about as close to a guaranteed good time as you can get. Alas, it’s not something that we’re able to do all the time. Indeed, sometimes it feels like the time between trips is too long — and that’s even when we’re in a good position to travel (say, before we have kids, own a home, things like that). 

world in hands

The good news is that having a lifetime of travel is not impossible. Far from it! In this blog, we’re going to run through some tried and tested methods for ensuring that travel is something you can do with more regularity, for all your life.

Make it a Priority

Our life reflects what we prioritize. If you prioritise money, then you’ll end up with money. If you prioritize fitness, then you’ll end up looking pretty buff, and so on. If you want to travel, then you can’t just wait for the ideal opportunities to present themselves. It’ll happen sometimes but not as often as you’d like. To travel more, and until you’re older, then you’ll need to force through traveling from time to time. It won’t always be the perfect time, but who cares? If you value it as much as you think, then you’ll end up going on plenty of trips that may otherwise have passed you by.

A Sense of Adventure

We’re going to talk about the money factor in more detail a little later on. But for now, we’ll just say: if you want to travel more, then you’ll have to make do with staying in places that are less than five stars. You’ll have experiences that everyone would consider amazing, but you can’t have them all the time. Sometimes, you’ll need to throw off the bowlines and be willing to put yourself in situations that are not exactly ideal. What we’ll say is that these experiences are usually even more memorable and enjoyable. For certain, you’ll find that you put a few more feathers in your traveling cap.

Avoid Complacency

There are many things that can impact how many trips you can take. Many of these are external, of which you have little control. But one of the more damaging ones is one that you do control. When we settle down, it’s all too easy to become complacent about travel. Rather than planning a trip, we become comfortable wherever we are and whatever we’re doing. There’s nothing wrong with enjoying where you are in life. But when you’re older, you might regret not having traveled more when you had the chance. It’s always a good idea to be a little skeptical of comfort! The trips you take when you feel you don’t need to travel anywhere can be the most enjoyable — they can be little reminders of how important it is to travel.

Use Your Time Wisely

If we had all the time (and money) in the world, then we’d probably set sail on an adventure and just come back whenever we felt like it. Alas, we do have, you know, jobs and things that require us to be in one place. Depending on your job, you might only have a few weeks of free time to enjoy your travel adventures. And that might not be enough to do all the fun things that you want to do. It’s important to remember that you probably have more time than you realize, however. There are plenty of national holidays that’ll give you a day off work. One day isn’t much, sure, but if you combine it with a weekend, then you’ll suddenly have enough days to take a small city break.

Saving Cash

The other barrier to the amount of time you travel is, of course, money. But if there’s one thing to know, it’s that you can always put extra money into your account and also save money when you’re traveling. If you’re looking to save money for another adventure, then take a look at the best saving apps. They’ll help to boost your bank balance, without really trying! There are countless ways to save money when you’re actively on your travels. For instance, you can use comparison websites to find the cheapest flights and hotel deals. When you’re at your destination, look up some free activities and cheap places to eat. If you visit the destination with purpose, then you’ll find that you can make things much cheaper than they would be if you just turned up and began splashing the cash! And of course, once you know how to travel cheaply, then it’s something that you can do again and again.

Alternative Options 

If you really don’t have that much money to spend on travel, or you’re just looking for something different, then why not consider looking at alternative options, such as volunteering? There are sites that connect you with people all over the world who need some help doing, well, just about everything. The advantage of this type of trip is that you can live a totally different experience, without spending virtually anything other than the cost of getting there. Plus, you’ll get to experience life as if you were a local. It can also open up the world, allowing you to visit places that you otherwise may be unable to visit.

Local Travel

Who says that you need to board a plane if you’re going to travel? Those adventures might be the most exciting, sure, but they’re not the only ways to travel. Instead, you can look at traveling locally. It’s highly likely that there are places close to where you live that are worth visiting! If you want to make it feel more like a trip, rather than just a day thing, then you can even look at staying over. It can feel a little unnecessary to stay in a hotel when you’re within driving distance of home, but who cares? Travel is all about having fun…and staying in a great hotel is one of the most fun aspects of traveling! 

Get the Gear

Wouldn’t it be easy if you could just go on an adventure and not have to worry about hotels and things like that? Well, you can! If you have camping supplies, then you’ll always have an adventure within easy reach. If you want to make a slightly bigger investment, then consider buying a campervan. They can cost a lot but make going on an adventure super easy! 

Digital Nomad Lifestyle

One of the best things about the modern world is that you don’t necessarily need to stay in one place. Or at least, you don’t if you have a remote job. There are many jobs you can do online, and once you get one, you’ll find that it becomes much easier to travel. You’ll essentially be able to travel anywhere that has an internet connection. Most digital nomads are childless, but it’s possible to live that lifestyle with a family, too. Of course, traveling and working isn’t the best way to travel — you may rather just travel, without work. But think about this — once you have that kind of life, you’ll be able to set forth to another country at the drop of a hat. And not only will it not negatively impact your finances, but, since you’ll be working, you’ll likely find that your money situation even improves

Take Advantage of Deals

We mentioned earlier how it can be beneficial to have a sense of adventure. That’ll allow you to take advantage of deals as and when they present themselves. If you have some money in your travel fund, then a last-minute trip can be a great way to get your fill of adventure without spending the earth. It’s worthwhile subscribing to the newsletters of travel companies, as that’ll be where they announce their deals. 

Get Creative 

Finally, remember that there’s no single way to travel. If you want to travel more frequently and for longer, then put your thinking cap on and see if you can come up with a creative solution. In this day and age, there are a million and one ways to explore the world. You can do things the standard way, sure, but that’s only the most convenient. There are plenty of people who are currently traveling the world (with no end in sight) all because they took the time to come up with a plan that works for them. So think outside the box!

Conclusion

Travel is one of those things that, if you have the travel bug, will never go away completely. Thankfully, it doesn’t have to. With the end of the coronavirus pandemic in sight, there will soon be no limitations on travel, except for the ones that we put on ourselves. Take the tips that we’ve outlined above, and you’ll find that you are going on plenty of trips, both in the near and far future! 

How To Organize Your Family Home

Running a family home can often be an overwhelming experience, as tidying up after children and maintaining a clean and hygienic environment can seem to take far more time than you’ve got. Learning how to organize your home can make cleaning far easier, as attempting to navigate your way around an untidy home without suitable storage for each item is no doubt going to be a time consuming and somewhat irritating experience. Luckily, mastering the art of home organization needn’t be as difficult as you might expect, as there are just a few key tips and tricks that you can make the most of to transform your property in no time at all! So, if you would like to find out more about how you can take back control of your family home, then simply read on.

Source Smart Storage Solutions

One of the most essential steps that you should aim to follow if you wish to achieve a constant level of clean and tidy inside your family home involves sourcing an array of smart storage solutions. Having no accessible storage in your home will make it extremely difficult to maintain a good standard of organization, as you simply cannot improve a room without having a spot that’s out of sight in which you can hide away any unsightly items. For example, storage benches are ideal inside childrens rooms as they have many functions and benefits. Not only can you use these storage benches to tidy away any childrens toys or clothing, you can also use them as comfortable seating! Having such storage that is child height can also provide you with the opportunity to get them involved in tidying up, as you can ask them to put their toys away at the end of the day so that they can have a nicely organized room in time for bed! Making the most of unusable space by adding creative storage is another brilliant option, as there are likely many redundant areas in your home that you could otherwise be using for storage. Kitchen cabinets often fall short of the ceiling, so building upwards to reach the roof will give you an entire extra cupboard to store your least frequently used items! 

Declutter Often 

It’s easy to build up a considerable stock of random ‘stuff’ when you have a house full of children, and that’s why it’s important to declutter often to stay on top of the ever growing stash of useless items that are slowly taking over your property. Some of these items may hold significant emotional value yet provide no use as such – if this is the case, rather than getting rid of these items you can find a secure locker or similar external storage space that you can visit to help declutter your home. If you feel as though you’re being overwhelmed by mountains of ‘stuff’ and need an immediate clear out, designate 3 set boxes: keep, trash, and sell. The keep box should be the smallest of them all!